Spleens (Yin) main function is to assist the Stomach digestion by transporting and transforming (T&T) food essence. It is the central organ in the production of Qi from the food and drink ingested and the basis for the formation of Blood. Food Qi produced by the spleen combines with air in the Lungs to form Gathering Qi. Spleen is referred to as the Granary official from where the five taste are derived. Spleen Stomach is the center of physiology and pathology. Irregular diet and overwork injure Stomach and Spleen causing numerous disease. Food enters the Stomach(Yang) the refined part goes to the Liver the excess goes to the sinews. Unrefined part goes to the Heart the excess goes to the blood vessels. The upper part goes to the Spleen which transports the refined essence upwards to the Lungs. T&T is crucial to the process of digestion and the production of Qi and Blood. If this function is impaired poor appetite, bad digestion, abdominal distention and loose stools result. St36 Zusanli and SP6 Sanyinjiao are effective combinations to tonify Spleen Qi in digestive problems.
Spleen controls the separation and movement of fluids. The clear part goes up to the lungs to be distributed to the skin and the space between the skin and muscles. The turbid part goes down where it is further separated. If this is impaired the fluids will not be transformed or transported properly and may accumulate to form Dampness or Phlegm or cause oedema.
Spleen must always be treated where there is dampness, phlegm or oedema. Dampness impairs the function of transformation and transportation.
The Spleen Stomach is the heart of the middle burner. They control the movement and direction of Qi in all burners. Spleen Qi ascends Stomach Qi descends. If descending and acceding movements are impaired the clean Yang does not ascend, refined Qi extracted from food cannot be stored and turbid Qi cannot be excreted. The Spleen is in charge of holding the Blood together, It keeps the blood in the vessels. This makes the Spleen the essential organ for the production of both Qi and Blood. In Menstrual Bleeding the most important organ in making Menstrual Blood are the Kidneys.
Food Qi nourishes all tissues in the body, this refined Qi is transported throughout the body by the Spleen. If the Spleen Qi is weak the refined Qi can not be transported to the muscles and the person will feel wearty and the muscles will be weak and may atrophy. The Spleen determines the amount of physical energy a person has. Tiredness is a common complaint and in these cases Spleen must be tonifed.
Spleen houses the Intellect. It is responsible for applied thinking, studying, memorizing, focusing, concentrating and generating ideas. Excessive studying mental work and concentration for sustained periods can weaken the Spleen. Spleen influences our capacity for thinking. The heart housed the mind but it influences thinking in the sense of being able to think clearly when faced with life problems and it affects long term memory of past events. Kidney norish the brain and influences short term memory in everyday life. Spleen is affected by Pensiveness, it knots Qi. Pensiveness leads to obsessive thoughts.
Remember: Spleen governs the four limbs
Transforms fluid for the stomach
Is the root of Post Heaven Qi
The origin of Birth and Development
Raises the Clear Yang Upward
Loathes Dampness like Dryness
Read Tonifying the Centre and benefiting Qi Decoction by Yi Qi Tang. Identifies how to strengthen the Original Qi by tonifying Stomach and Spleen.
Foundations of Chinese Medicine, Second Edition, Macicoia